Letter from the editor

Dear Increment readers,

Increment’s journey started over four years ago, in April 2017. Since then, we’ve had the honor and privilege of publishing over 250 stories for and by the developer community, covering everything from COBOL to testing to API design, from scaling software systems to mindsets and practices that improve both the developer and user experience. We’ve worked with over 400 engineers, editors, writers, illustrators, and more to create and publish our 19 issues. 

In that time, we’ve been humbled to hear how readers have used learnings and insights from these pages to grow, scale, and build teams, companies, and software systems. Knowing Increment has had a positive and motivating impact on your work has been an enduring source of joy and pride for our team.

This is our final quarterly issue, and we present it to you with enormous gratitude for being part of the story. Increment’s mission has been to help software engineers work together more effectively, and even as we wind down this iteration, we continue to explore new ways to support developers and distribute technical knowledge. We’d love your feedback on what you’d like to see next—share your thoughts with us here

As we look toward the future, this issue explores the ever-evolving practices of software planning—a fitting topic for any team building what they want to see in the world or embarking on a transformative journey. We hope you enjoy every word of it.

You can still read past issues of Increment online, or pick up print editions—and a very special collector’s boxed set—at store.increment.com

With deepest thanks,

Sid Orlando
Editor in chief

Thanks to our contributors for this issue

Editor in Chief

Sid Orlando

Managing Editor

Rebecca Hiscott

Contributing Editors

Meghna Rao, David Wolinsky

Copy Editors and Proofreaders

Rina Diane Caballar, Laura Entis, Geoffrey Keating, Swapna Krishna, Lauren Vespoli

Technical Reviewers

Betsy Cannon, Jasmine Jaksic, Michael Lapadula, Mário Nzualo, Letícia Portella, Rachel Rosalia, Thorsten Schaeff, Mariano Simone, Mathew Varughese, Chris Whiten, Grant Wu, Iris Yuan


Safia Abdalla, Ipsita Agarwal, Kailash Awati, Upeka Bee, Vicki Boykis, Mikio Braun, Ayden Férdeline, Romello Goodman, Pete Hodgson, Melissa Huang, Vaidehi Joshi, Victoria Kirst, Leemay Nassery, David Noël-Romas, James Stanier, Kevin Stewart, James Turnbull, Hillel Wayne

Design Advisor

Tyler Thompson


Mercedes Bazan, Joshuah Miranda


Kelly Belter, An Chen, Steph Coathupe, Jordan Kay, Tim Peacock, Irina Șelaru, Elise Vandeplancke, Jiaqi Zhou

Cover Art

Kelly Belter

Distribution and Logistics

Melissa Contreras, Bobby Kessner

About the author

Sid Orlando is editor in chief of Increment. She lives in New York City where she is friends with every bodega cat.


Artwork by

Kelly Belter



Buy the print edition

Visit the Increment Store to purchase print issues.